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Why the Messiah Did Not Die on a Friday, 3 Days and 3 Nights, and the High Shabbath and Weekly Shabbath

The Passover lamb was killed on the 14th day of the Torah new moon, which is the day that was called “Passover”, which was killed at “bayin ereb”, which means “in the time before evening”, which is around the “ninth” Jewish hour, which is around the time Yeshua died after he was crucified, which was in 30 AD, which in that year fell on the third day of the week, which is our current Wednesday afternoon, around or in between our current time of 2:00pm to 3:00pm, in fulfillment of the precise day and time of the slaughter of the Passover lamb,

Your lamb shall be perfect, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this new moon, when the all the assemblies of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs in the time before evening.

Exodus 12:5-6

In the first new moon, on the fourteenth day of the new moon in the time before evening, is the Passover of the Master.

Leviticus 23:5

And at the ninth hour Yeshua cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” And some of the bystanders hearing it said, “Behold, he is calling Elijah.” And someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink, saying, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to take him down.” And Yeshuah uttered a loud cry and breathed his last.

Mark 15:34-37

For the Messiah, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.

1 Corinthians 5:7

For that evening after the Passover lamb was killed was the beginning of the 15th day of the Torah new moon, which was the full moon, which is when the “feast” of Passover began, which is why trumpets were blasted on this specific full moon,

Blow the trumpet.. at the full moon, on our feast day.

Psalm 81:3

On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts… you shall blow the trumpets

Numbers 10:10

Which consisted of eating the Passover lamb that was killed hours ago, a “feast”, and also eating the unleavened bread on the Feast of Unleavened Bread that also began on that same night, which was commanded to be eaten at the evening at the 14th day, meaning the evening that began the 15th day, until the evening at the 21st day, meaning until the evening that began the 22nd day, thus ending ending at the “twelfth” Jewish hour or around or in between our 5:00pm to 6:00pm of the 21st day, thus 7 days from the 15th day of the first Torah new moon to the 21st day of the first Torah new moon,

They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Exodus 12:8

And on the fifteenth day of the same new moon is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Master; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.

Leviticus 23:6

In the first new moon, from the fourteenth day of the new moon at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the new moon at evening.

Exodus 12:18

Where that evening that began the 15th day of the first Torah new moon was also the beginning of the “High Shabbath”, where no work could be done on the High Shabbath just as no work could be done on the weekly Shabbath, which were two different Shabbaths,

On the first day you shall hold a set-apart convocation, and on the seventh day a set-apart convocation. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you.

Exodus 12:16

Which is why after Yeshua died, he was entombed quickly, for not only did the Torah command that bodies be buried on the same day before the next day began in the evening,

And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his body shall not remain all night on the tree, but you shall bury him the same day, for a hanged man is cursed by God. You shall not defile your land that the Master your God is giving you for an inheritance.

Deuteronomy 21:22-23

But a Shabbath was about to begin, which is also why the 14th day of the first Torah new moon was called the “day of preparation”, a day to prepare for a Shabbath that was coming the next day, which was a High Shabbath in this instance, not the weekly Shabbath,

And when evening had come, since it was the day of Preparation, that is, the day before the Shabbath,

Mark 15:42

It was the day of Preparation, and the Shabbath was beginning.

Luke 23:54

Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Shabbath (for that Shabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away.

John 19:31–42

Where the “last supper” of Yeshua was not the “Passover feast” of the next evening that began the 15th day, when the actual Passover lamb was eaten, but a meal at the day of preparation on the previous evening that began the 14th day, which was also considered a “Passover meal” because it was eaten on the same day the Passover lamb was killed, in which case then the lamb was then eaten in the “Passover feast” the next evening, where the place the disciples ate that “last supper” was also intended to be the place where they would eat the Passover lamb the next evening,

Now before Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Yeshua, saying, “Where will you have us prepare for you to eat the Passover?

Matthew 26:17

And before day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrifice the Passover lamb, his disciples said to him, “Where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?

Mark 14:12

Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread arrived, when the Passover lamb is sacrificed. Yeshua sent Peter and John ahead and said, “Go and prepare the Passover meal, so we can eat it together.” “Where do you want us to prepare it?” they asked him. He replied, “As soon as you enter Jerusalem, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him. At the house he enters, say to the owner, The Teacher asks: Where is the guest room where I can eat the Passover meal with my disciples?… And they went and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover. And when the hour came, he reclined at table, and the apostles with him. And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”

Luke 22:7-16

Now before the feast of the Passover, Yeshua knew that his hour had come to depart from this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. The devil had already put it into the heart of Judas son of Simon Iscariot to betray him. And during supper… after he had taken the morsel, Satan entered into him. Yeshua said to him, “What you are going to do, do quickly.” Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. Some thought that, because Judas had the moneybag, Yeshua was telling him, “Buy what we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor.

John 13:1-29

Where on the 14th day of the first Torah new moon, beginning with the evening and progressing into the day, after Yeshua had his last supper with his disciples, which was also the night he instituted a new meal, the “Lord’s Supper”, or “supper of Yeshua”, or the “Master’s Supper”, which all his followers must now participate in, in an assembly, by eating bread that symbolized his body and by drinking wine that symbolized his blood,

Now as they were eating, Yeshua took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.” And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

Matthew 26:26-28

So Yeshua said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you.

John 6:53

Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him.

John 6:56

The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of the Messiah? The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of the Messiah? 

1 Corinthians 10:16

Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself. That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some have fallen asleep.

1 Corinthians 11:28-30

Then he prayed at the Garden of Gethsemane, which is at the Mount of Olives,

Then Yeshua went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I go over there and pray.”

Matthew 26:36

And he came out and went, as was his custom, to the Mount of Olives, and the disciples followed him. And when he came to the place, he said to them, “Pray that you may not enter into temptation.” And he withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, and knelt down and prayed,

Luke 22:39-41

Then was betrayed by Judas with a kiss and was arrested,

And being in anguish he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground. And when he rose from prayer, he came to the disciples and found them sleeping… there came a crowd, and the man called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He drew near to Yeshua to kiss him, but Yeshua said to him, “Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?

Luke 22:45

Then was beaten and presented before Caiaphas the High Priest,

Then they seized him and led him away, bringing him into the high priest’s house, and Peter was following at a distance.

Luke 22:54

Now the men who were holding Yeshua in custody were mocking him as they beat him. They also blindfolded him and kept asking him, “Prophesy! Who is it that struck you?” And they said many other things against him, blaspheming him. When day came, the assembly of the elders of the people gathered together, both chief priests and scribes. And they led him away to their council, and they said, “If you are the Messiah, tell us.” But he said to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe, and if I ask you, you will not answer. But from now on the Son of Man shall be seated at the right hand of the power of God.” So they all said, “Are you the Son of God, then?” And he said to them, “You say that I am.” Then they said, “What further testimony do we need? We have heard it ourselves from his own lips.”

Luke 22:63-71

But he remained silent and made no answer. Again the high priest asked him, “Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed?”

Mark 14:61

Then those who had seized Yeshua led him to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered.

Matthew 26:57

But Yeshua remained silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God.”

Matthew 26:63

Then after or beginning around the “sixth” Roman hour, which was after or beginning around the “first” Jewish hour, which was after or beginning around 6:00am in our time, Yeshua was presented before Pilate early in the morning, then was presented before Herod, then was presented before Pilate again, was beaten again and also scourged, then was later crucified that same morning around the “third” Jewish hour, which is our current time of around or in between 8:00am to 9:00am, and hung on the cross for around 6 hours in agony, until he died later that same day in the afternoon, which all happened on the same day of the 14th day of the first Torah new moon, from the time of his “last supper” in the previous evening to his entombment before the end of the next evening, all in one day,

When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Yeshua to put him to death. And they bound him and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate the governor.

Matthew 27:1-2

Then the whole company of them arose and brought him before Pilate.

Luke 23:1

And as soon as it was morning, the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council. And they bound Yeshua and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate.

Mark 15:1

Then they led Yeshua from the house of Caiaphas to the governor’s headquarters. It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor’s headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover. So Pilate went outside to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?”

John 18:28-29

Then Pilate took Yeshua and flogged him. And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. They came up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and struck him with their hands. Pilate went out again and said to them, “See, I am bringing him out to you that you may know that I find no guilt in him.” So Yeshuah came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!” When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no guilt in him.” The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.” When Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid. He entered his headquarters again and said to Yeshuah, “Where are you from?” But Yeshuah gave him no answer.So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?” Yeshuah answered him, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin.” From then on Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Yeshuah out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic Gabbatha. Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”  

John 19:1-14

When Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. And when he learned that he belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time.

Luke 23:6-7

And Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him. Then, arraying him in splendid clothing, he sent him back to Pilate. And Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before this they had been at enmity with each other.

Luke 23:11-12

So Pilate decided that their demand should be granted. He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, for whom they asked, but he delivered Yeshua over to their will. And as they led him away, they seized one Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it behind Yeshua.

Luke 23:24-26

Then he released for them Barabbas, and having scourged Yeshua, delivered him to be crucified. Then the soldiers of the governor took Yeshuah into the governor’s headquarters, and they gathered the whole battalion before him. And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on his head and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they spit on him and took the reed and struck him on the head. And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the robe and put his own clothes on him and led him away to crucify him. As they went out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled this man to carry his cross.

Matthew 27:26-32

They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”So he delivered him over to them to be crucified.

John 19:15-16

And they crucified him and divided his garments among them, casting lots for them, to decide what each should take. And it was the third hour when they crucified him.

Mark 15:24-25

And the robbers who were crucified with him also reviled him in the same way. Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour Yeshua cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” And some of the bystanders, hearing it, said, “This man is calling Elijah.” And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink. But the others said, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.” And Yeshuah cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his airflow.

Matthew 27:44-50

Let the Messiah, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross that we may see and believe.” Those who were crucified with him also reviled him. And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour Yeshua cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” And some of the bystanders hearing it said, “Behold, he is calling Elijah.” And someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink, saying, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to take him down.” And Yeshua uttered a loud cry and breathed his last.

Mark 15:32-37

And then came the evening to eat at the Passover feast, where that Passover feast was commanded to be eaten quickly, with belt fastened, sandals on the feet, and staff at hand, meaning ready to leave,

In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the Passover of the Master.

Exodus 12:11

Because on that same night after midnight, long ago, the Israelites were going to be driven out of Egypt, for after God killed all the firstborn of Egypt and passed over the Israelites who put the blood of the lamb on their doorposts that was killed hours ago, the Egyptians became terrified to keep the Israelites any longer, for they were terrified that they would also be killed, and therefore drove out the Israelites quickly that same night, on a night of the full moon,

For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike down every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both human beings and animals; on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the Master. The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live: when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague shall destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt

Exodus 12:12-13

At midnight the Master struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians. And there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where someone was not dead. Then he summoned Moses and Aaron by night and said, “Up, go out from among my people, both you and the people of Israel; and go, serve the Master, as you have said. Take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone, and bless me also!” The Egyptians were urgent with the people to send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.” So the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading bowls being bound up in their cloaks on their shoulders.

Exodus 12:29-34

The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years. At the end of 430 years, on that very day, all the armies of the Master went out from the land of Egypt. It was a night of watching by the Master, to bring them out of the land of Egypt; so this same night is a night of watching kept to the Master by all the people of Israel throughout their generations.

Exodus 12:40-42

They set out from Rameses in the first new moon, on the fifteenth day of the first new moon. On the day after the Passover, the people of Israel went out lifted up in the sight of all the Egyptians,

Numbers 33:3

And the First Fruit offering was done the next day after the first weekly Shabbath after the Passover, which was around 15 to 21 days after New Moon One Day 1, depending on whether the 14th day when the Passover lamb was killed fell on the seventh day of the week on the weekly Shabbath, which would make the 15th day of New Moon One the earliest First Fruits offering could be, or if the 14th day of the Passover fell on the first day of the week, which would make the 21st day of New Moon One the latest First Fruits offering could be,

And the Master spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into the land that I give you and reap its harvest, you shall bring an omer of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest, and he shall wave the omer before the Master, so that you may be accepted. On the day after the Shabbath the priest shall wave it… 

Leviticus 23:9-11

Which the Messiah fulfilled by becoming the First Fruits among those resurrected from the dead to receive new immortal bodies,

For as in Adam all die, so also in the Messiah shall all be made alive. But each in his own order: Messiah the firstfruits, then at his coming those who belong to the Messiah.

1 Corinthians 15:22-23

But in fact the Messiah has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.

1 Corinthians 15:20

Behold! I tell you a mystery. We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed. For this perishable body must put on the imperishable, and this mortal body must put on immortality. 

1 Corinthians 15:51-53

Which he would’ve fulfilled on our Saturday after or around 6:00pm our time, in the evening, which would’ve been the evening that began the next day after the Shabbath, which is why when the women came to visit his tomb very early in the morning hours later on the first day of the week, which was on our Sunday, the Messiah was already gone, because the Messiah was resurrected on the day the First Fruits offering was offered,

When the Shabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, so that they might go and anoint him. And very early on the first day of the week, when the sun had risen, they went to the tomb. And they were saying to one another, “Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb?” And looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled back—it was very large. And entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe, and they were alarmed. And he said to them, “Do not be alarmed. You seek Yeshua of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen; he is not here. See the place where they laid him

Mark 16:1-6

Now after the Shabbath, toward the dawn of the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake, for an angel of the Master descended from heaven and came and rolled back the stone and sat on it. His appearance was like lightning, and his clothing white as snow. And for fear of him the guards trembled and became like dead men. But the angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Yeshua who was crucified. He is not here, for he has risen, as he said. Come, see the place where he lay.

Matthew 28:1-6

But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they went to the tomb, taking the spices they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they went in they did not find the body of the Master Yeshua. While they were perplexed about this, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel. And as they were frightened and bowed their faces to the ground, the men said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead?  

Luke 24:1-5

Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb. So she ran and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Yeshua loved, and said to them, “They have taken the Master out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid him.”

John 20:1-2

And thus Yeshua remained dead 3 days and 3 nights, which was our Wednesday night, Thursday day, Thursday night, Friday day, Friday night, and Saturday day,

For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

Matthew 12:40

Which is why the women bought spices for the body of Yeshua before and after the Shabbath, because the first Shabbath, which was the High Shabbath, began Wednesday night till Thursday night, and then the next second Shabbath, which was the weekly Shabbath, began Friday night till Saturday night, giving the women only Friday during the day to purchase the spices in the city and to prepare them, after the High Shabbath was over, to then anoint the body of the Messiah, after the weekly Shabbath was over, early Sunday morning,

When the Shabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, so that they might go and anoint him.

Mark 16:1

The women who had come with him from Galilee followed and saw the tomb and how his body was laid. Then they returned and prepared spices and ointments. On the Shabbath they rested according to the commandment. But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they went to the tomb, taking the spices they had prepared.

Luke 23:55-24:1

As such, 30 AD is a very specific year where the Passover lamb was sacrificed on a Wednesday, which would thus fulfill “3 days and 3 nights” that the Messiah remained dead after he was killed on the precise time the Passover lamb was sacrificed, until his resurrection on the “morrow after the Shabbath”, which was after or around 6:00pm on a Saturday, which agrees with various independent internet resources where the Nisan 14 in 30 AD was both on a Wednesday and also around the time of a full moon,

Note: These are merely calendar calculation screenshots taken from paulcarlisle.net, timeanddate.com, astropixels.com, and hebcal.com to help strengthen the statements made in this study, and not an endorsement of any of their views. The Nisan 14 calculation on a Wednesday in 30 AD is accurate, but the conversion from Jewish Calendar dates to Gregorian Calendar dates may not be accurate, which are not important to know with the precision to determine which day of the week Nisan 14 fell in a year. The full moon calculator is also an estimated date of the full moon based on advanced computer mathematical calculations, but a close enough estimate to assert that the Nisan 14 of 30 AD was a Wednesday with a full moon or approaching full moon the next day, which transitioned into Thursday, which was Nisan 15, the middle of a 30 day Torah month of when a full moons were appointed to happen in the original 360 day Torah calendar.

About the author

Christian Gaviria Alvarez

A teacher of righteousness based on the Torah of God, through belief in Yeshua HaMashiach. Raised as a Gentile through the dispersion of the twelve tribes of Israel among the nations, but a descendant of Abraham from Jewish Sephardic ancestors from the tribe of Judah. Born in Florida, United States of America. Currently living in Medellin, Colombia. By profession a software developer. Expecting the second coming of Yeshua in 2026 AD, which will be precisely the year 6,000 from creation and also precisely 2,000 years since the anointing of Yeshua in 26 AD. 2026 AD will be 6000 YB, and the 120th Yovel year. Establishing an assembly in Medellin in preparation for the second coming of Yeshua. Teaching obedience to the Torah of Moses and belief in Yeshua, bearing good fruit by giving to the poor and doing good works and sharing with fellow believers, demonstrating humility by absolute dry fasting and not pursuing wealth and being content with what you currently have, removing the mark of the beast of Revelation by getting rid of all paper money and fiat currency, and obtaining perfection by receiving the airflow of God through the new covenant of Yeshua.

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