The Hebrew word “qadash” and the Greek word “hagiazó”, which are translated in English as “sanctify”, mean to take something that is common and ordinary and make it distinct. Which are action verbs that mean “to set something apart”. For example, when God created the heavens and the earth, he “worked” and created different things in the heavens and on the earth in six ordinary days, which were ordinary cycles of “evening and morning”.
And God said, “Let there be light”… And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.Genesis 1:3-5
And God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters”… And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.Genesis 1:6-8
And God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear”… And God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, on the earth”… And there was evening and there was morning, the third day.Genesis 1:9-13
And God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for appointed times, and for days and years, and let them be lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth”… And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.Genesis 1:14-19
And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living souls, and let birds fly above the earth across the firmament of the heavens”… And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day.Genesis 1:20-23
And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living souls according to their kind, livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds”… Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth”… And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.Genesis 1:24-31
For in six days Yehovah made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them…Exodus 20:11
Yet on the seventh ordinary cycle of “evening and morning”, which was the seventh day, God “set this day apart” by resting on it, unlike the other six ordinary days he worked to create the heavens and the earth.
And God blessed the seventh day and set it apart, because on it he rested from all his work which God in creating had made.Genesis 2:3
For in six days Yehovah made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore Yehovah blessed the Shabbath day and set it apart.Exodus 20:11
Which can be compared to a man having 5 light bulbs that are turned off and upside down, yet he decides to set apart 1 light bulb from the others by turning it around and turning it on. It now becomes different and distinct from the others.
And thus, what has been set apart from the ordinary then becomes “set-apart”, which is the Hebrew word “qadosh” and the Greek word “hagios”, which are translated in English as “holy”. Which are descriptive adjectives or adverbs that mean the quality of being “set-apart”. For example, if many fruits are put in one place all of one color, but one is placed among them of a different color, that one fruit of a different color is “set-apart”, because it is different from the other ordinary fruits.
And this is why the English words “sanctify”, “sanctification”, “holy”, “holiness” are all mistranslations of the original words, because neither of these words convey the simple meanings of what the original words truly meant, which is the action of setting apart from the ordinary and common, and the quality of being set-apart from the ordinary and common. Which are two Hebrew words that are based on the same root word “qodesh”, which can be translated as “set-apartness”, used as a noun. And this is why the same Hebrew word “qadash” typically translated as “sanctify” does not mean “sanctify” in the following passage, because it means “to set apart”. Which is a meaning that can be used in a more general sense, such as in the example of the light bulb and fruits above.
For I will set apart destroyers against you, Each with his weapons; And they will cut down your choicest cedars And throw them on the fire.Jeremiah 22:7
And this is why the opposite of set-apart is ordinary, just as the opposite of clean is unclean.
so as to make a distinction between the set-apart and the ordinary, and between the unclean and the clean,Leviticus 10:10
And the priest answered David and said, “There is no ordinary bread on hand, but there is set-apart bread, provided the young men have kept themselves from women.”1 Samuel 21:4
And this is also why something that is “set-apart” has greater value than something that is ordinary, because something that is less common has greater value than something that is more common, like silver, which is more valuable than wood because it is less common than wood. And gold, which is more valuable than silver because it is less common than silver. And common things in a household today will likely be wood floors that people step on and walk on, or clay pots used in the kitchen. Whereas less common things in the household will likely be silver bars and gold bars kept in a safe to preserve wealth.
If, then, anyone cleanses himself from these matters, he shall be a vessel unto value, having been set apart, of good use to the Master, having been prepared for every good work.2 Timothy 2:21
Or hasn’t the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for no honor?Romans 9:21
Now in a large house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of clay. Some are for honor, and some for no honor.2 Timothy 2:20
And in relation to the value of set-apartness, “to set apart someone in your heart” means to hold someone in high value, honor, regard, and importance.
but in your hearts set apart the Messiah as Master, always being prepared to make a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you; yet do it with gentleness and respect,1 Peter 3:15
Then Moses said to Aaron, “This is what Yehovah spoke, saying, ‘By those who come near me let me be set-apart! And before all the people let me be glorified!’ ” And Aaron was silent.Leviticus 10:3
Yehovah of armies, him you shall set apart. Let Him be your fear, and let Him be your dread.Isaiah 8:13
and you shall say, ‘Thus said the Master Yehovah, “See, I am against you, O Sidon, and I shall be glorified in your midst. And they shall know that I am Yehovah, when I execute judgments in her. And I shall be set apart in her.Ezekiel 28:22
And I shall exalt myself and set myself apart, and I shall be known in the eyes of many nations. And they shall know that I am Yehovah.Ezekiel 38:23
As a sweet fragrance I shall accept you when I bring you out from the peoples. And I shall gather you out of the lands where you have been scattered. And I shall be set-apart in you before the nations.Ezekiel 20:41
who say, ‘Keep to yourself, do not come near me, for I am set apart to you!’ These are smoke in My nostrils, a fire that burns all day.Isaiah 65:5
But Yehovah spoke to Moses and to Aaron, “Because you did not believe me, to set me apart in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore you do not bring this assembly into the land which I have given them.” These were the waters of Meriḇah, because the children of Israel contended with Yehovah, and he was set apart among them.Numbers 20:12-13
Which is why something declared by God to be set-apart must be treated with high value, honor, regard, and importance, such as the ground itself God descended on when God spoke to Moses. Which is why God told Moses to take off his sandals, to treat that ground differently than other ordinary grounds.
And the Messenger Yehovah appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. And he looked and saw the bush burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed.And Moses said, “Let me turn aside now, and see this great sight, why the bush does not burn.”And Yehovah saw that he turned aside to see, and God called to him from the midst of the bush and said, “Moses! Moses!” And he said, “Here I am.”And He said, “Do not come near here. Take your sandals off your feet, for the place on which you are standing is set-apart ground.”Exodus 3:2-5
‘But Yehovah said to him, Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is set-apart ground.Acts 7:33
And Moses said to Yehovah, “The people are not able to come up to Mount Sinai, for You warned us, saying, ‘Make a border around the mountain and set it apart.’ ”Exodus 19:23
Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because Yehovah descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, and the whole mountain trembled violently.Exodus 19:18
And whatever things existed on the grounds of Mount Sinai, like trees and rocks, subsequently also became set-apart, which is why it is written, “if the root is set-apart, so are the branches”.
Now if the first fruits is set-apart, the lump is also. And if the root is set-apart, so are the branches.Romans 11:16
Yet if a rock was taken from the grounds of Mount Sinai and thrown outside the boundaries of Mount Sinai, that rock would not cause the ground it falls on to become set-apart, but quite the contrary, now the rock becomes ordinary, because it is no longer on the grounds of Mount Sinai. Which is the same as if set-apart branches are cut off from a tree that is sustained by a root that sets it all apart, which then, when the branches fall to the ground, all its leaves and fruit whither and die, which then becomes ordinary.
“If one bears set-apart meat in the fold of his garment, and with the edge he touches bread or stew, or wine or oil, or any food, does it become set-apart?” And the priests answered and said, “No.” Then Haggai said, “If someone who is unclean by contact with a dead body touches any of these, does it become unclean?” The priests answered and said, “It does become unclean.”Haggai 2:12-13
As such, the scriptures are called “set-apart”, because unlike any ordinary writings, these writings contain the truth of everything.
which he promised before through his prophets in the set-apart scripturesRomans 1:2
And the commands of God are called “set-apart”, because unlike any ordinary commands that men might give to others, knowing and obeying these commands impart wisdom and life.
For it would have been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than having known it, to turn from the set-apart command delivered unto them.2 Peter 2:21
The Torah of Yehovah is perfect, refreshing the soul. The statutes of Yehovah are trustworthy, making wise the simple.Psalm 19:7
See, I have taught you statutes and rules, as Yehovah my God commanded me, that you should do them in the land that you are entering to take possession of it. Keep them and do them, for that will be your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples, who, when they hear all these statutes, will say, ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’Deuteronomy 4:5-6
Blessed are those who find wisdom, those who gain understanding, for she is more profitable than silver and yields better returns than gold. She is more precious than rubies; nothing you desire can compare with her. Long life is in her right hand; in her left hand are riches and honor. Her ways are pleasant ways, and all her paths are peace. She is a tree of life to those who take hold of her; those who hold her fast will be blessed.Proverbs 3:13-18
And the covenant of God is called “set-apart”, because unlike any ordinary covenant established between men, this covenant grants the ends of the earth as inheritance.
to show compassion toward our fathers and to remember his set-apart covenantLuke 1:72
It was not through the law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world, but through the righteousness that comes by belief.Romans 4:13
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.Matthew 5:5
And the calling of God is called “set-apart”, because unlike any ordinary calling of men telling others to do something for some reward, this calling grants aeonial life.
who has saved us and called us with a set-apart calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and favour which was given to us in Messiah Yeshuah before aeonial time2 Timothy 1:9
Fight the good fight of the belief. Take hold of the aeonial life to which you were called when you made your good confession in the presence of many witnesses.1 Timothy 6:12
When the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and honored the word of the Master; and all who were appointed for aeonial life believed.Acts 13:48
And even what Paul meant with greeting each other with a “set-apart kiss”, meaning not any ordinary kiss like one that is ordinarily done when men commit sexual immorality, but one that is set apart from any unrighteousness.
All the brothers greet you. Greet one another with a set-apart kiss.1 Corinthians 16:20
And certain times have also been set apart by God, such as the appointed times of the Torah, the Yovel year of the Torah, which happens every 50 years, and the Shabbath day, which is the seventh day of the week. Which unlike ordinary days and years, specific things are commanded by God in these set-apart times.
These are the appointed times of Yehovah, set-apart gatherings which you are to proclaim at their appointed times. ‘In the first new moon, on the fourteenth day of the new moon, in the time before the evening, is the Passover to Yehovah. And on the fifteenth day of this new moon is the Festival of Unleavened Bread to Yehovah, seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.Leviticus 23:4-6
and afterward the continual ascending offering, and those for new moons and for all the appointed times of Yehovah that were set-apart, also for everyone who volunteered a voluntary offering to Yehovah.Ezra 3:5
‘And you shall set the fiftieth year apart, and proclaim release throughout all the land to all its inhabitants, it is a “Yovel” for you…Leviticus 25:10
“If you do turn back your foot from the Shabbat, from doing your pleasure on My set-apart day, and shall call the Shabbat ‘a delight,’ the set-apart day of Yehovah ‘esteemed,’ and shall esteem it, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking your own words,Isaiah 58:13
And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and they should come, guarding the gates, to set apart the Shabbath day. Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and pardon me according to the greatness of your kindness!Nehemiah 13:22
And set apart my Shabbaths, and they shall be a sign between me and you, to know that I am Yehovah your God.’Ezekiel 20:20
Remember the Shabbath day, to set it apart.Exodus 20:8
And certain names have been set apart by God, such as the name of Yehovah, and the name of Yeshuah, because through these names God has performed powerful works and established aeonial covenants. And thus, these names are set apart from other ordinary names among men.
God also said to Moses, “Say this to the people of Israel: ‘Yehovah, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my aeonial name, and by this to be remembered throughout all generations.Exodus 3:15
And do not profane my set-apart name…Leviticus 22:32
While I was with them, I kept them in your name, which you have given me. I have guarded them, and not one of them has been lost except the son of destruction, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.John 17:12
“This, then, is how you should pray: “‘Our Father in heaven, set apart be your nameMatthew 6:9
A heavenly city has also been set apart from all other ordinary cities on earth, adorned beautifully with precious metals and stones, which will eventually come down unto a new earth, the new Jerusalem.
And I, John, saw the set-apart city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of the heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.Revelation 21:2
And he carried me away in the airflow to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the set-apart Jerusalem, descending out of the heaven from God,Revelation 21:10
It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal. It had a great, high wall with twelve gates, and with twelve angels at the gates. On the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. There were three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west. The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb… The wall was made of jasper, and the city of pure gold, as pure as glass. The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald, the fifth onyx, the sixth ruby, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth turquoise, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. The twelve gates were twelve pearls, each gate made of a single pearl. The great street of the city was of gold, as pure as transparent glass.Revelation 21:11-21
But you have drawn near to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, to the heavenly Jerusalem, to myriads of angelsHebrews 12:22
And those who partake in the first resurrection are also called set apart, because unlike all other ordinary inhabitants on the earth, these will become immortal, will rule over all the earth, and will also not be injured by the second death that many in the second and more ordinary resurrection will perish in.
Blessed and set-apart is the one having part in the first resurrection. The second death possesses no authority over these, but they shall be priests of God and of Messiah, and shall reign with him a thousand years.Revelation 20:6
The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended… And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had done. And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them, and they were judged, each one of them, according to what they had done. Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.Revelation 20:5-15
Angels are also called set-apart, because they were set apart in heavenly places and made higher than all other ordinary living souls that were created on earth, such as man and animals.
Yet you have made him a little lower than the angels and crowned him with glory and honor.Psalm 8:5
For whoever is ashamed of me and my words in this adulterous and sinning generation, of him the Son of Man also shall be ashamed when he comes in the glory of his Father with the set-apart angels.Mark 8:38
For whoever is ashamed of me and my words, of him the Son of Man shall be ashamed when he comes in his glory, and in his Father’s, and of the set-apart angels.Luke 9:26
And they said, “Cornelius the captain, a righteous man and one who fears God and well spoken of by the entire Jewish nation, was instructed by a set-apart angel to send for you to his house, and to hear words from you.”Acts 10:22
he also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out undiluted into the cup of His wrath. And he shall be tormented with fire and sulphur before the set-apart angels and before the Lamb.Revelation 14:10
Then I heard a certain set-apart one speaking. And another set-apart one said to that certain one who was speaking, “Till when is the vision, concerning that which is continual, and the transgression that lays waste, to make both the set-apart place and the host to be trampled under foot?”Daniel 8:13
And you shall flee to the valley of My mountain – for the valley of the mountains reaches to Atsal. And you shall flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziyah king of Judah. And Yehovah my God shall come, all the set-apart ones with You.Zechariah 14:5
And the airflow of God is also set-apart, because unlike ordinary winds that are not living, the airflow of God is living, because it is a body of airflow that an angel of God transforms itself into, an aeolian body, and is thus called “set-apart airflow”.
he makes his messengers into airflows…Psalm 104:4
Now about the angels He says: “He makes His angels into airflows, His servants flames of fire.”Hebrews 1:7
Are not all angels ministering airflows sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?Hebrews 1:14
Beloved, believe not every airflow, but try the airflows whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Hereby know ye the airflow of God: Every airflow that confesseth that Yeshuah Messiah is come in the flesh is of God:1 John 4:1-2
In all their distress he too was distressed, and the angel of his presence saved them. In his love and mercy he redeemed them; he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old. Yet they rebelled and grieved his set-apart airflow. So he turned and became their enemy and he himself fought against them.Isaiah 63:9-10
But the airflow entered into me and set me on my feet, and he spoke with me and said to me, “Go, shut yourself within your house.Ezekiel 3:24
But the comforter, the set-apart airflow, whom the father will send in my name, that one will teach you all things, and will remind you all things which I said to you.John 14:26
In the same way, the airflow helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the airflow himself intercedes for us through wordless groans.Romans 8:26
And do not grieve the set-apart airflow of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of purchase.Ephesians 4:30
And as he spoke to me, the airflow entered into me and set me on my feet, and I heard him speaking to me.Ezekiel 2:2
Don’t you realize that all of you together are the temple of God and that the airflow of God lives in you?1 Corinthians 3:16
For you are able one by one all to prophesy, that all should learn and all should be comforted. For airflows of prophets submit to prophets.1 Corinthians 14:31-32
And thus, everything God does is set-apart, in righteousness, goodness, wisdom, power, trustworthiness, greater than anything man does and can do, which is why he is also called set-apart. And unlike any of the ordinary gods among men who are false, only he is the true God. Who is set apart from his own creation in another distinct way that only applies to him, that only God was never created, whereas everything in creation had a beginning, which is also why he is called “Father”.
Yet you are set-apart, enthroned on the praises of Israel.Psalm 22:3
Let them praise your great and awesome name! Set-apart is he!Psalm 99:3
Your way, O God, is set-apart. What god is great like our God?Psalm 77:13
the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burned their children in the fire as sacrifices to Adrammelek and Anammelek, the gods of Sepharvaim.2 Kings 17:31
Therefore, as to the eating of food offered to idols, we know that “an idol has no real existence,” and that “there is no God but one.”1 Corinthians 8:4
Then you call on the name of your god, and I will call on the name of Yehovah. The god who answers by fire–he is God.” Then all the people said, “What you say is good”… Then the fire of Yehovah fell and consumed the ascending offering and the wood and the stones and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench. When all the people saw this, they fell prostrate and cried, “Yehovah–he is God! Yehovah–he is God!”1 Kings 18:24-39
“You are my witnesses,” declares Yehovah, “and my servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. Before me no god was formed, nor will there be one after me.Isaiah 43:10
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.Genesis 1:1
“You heard me say, ‘I am going away and I am coming back to you.’ If you loved me, you would be glad that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.John 14:28
And I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Set-apart Father, guard them in your name which you have given Me, so that they might be one, as we are.John 17:11
…I Yehovah your God am set-apart..Leviticus 19:2
…I Yehovah am set-apart…Leviticus 20:26
There is no one set-apart like Yehovah, for there is no one besides you, and there is no rock like our God.1 Samuel 2:2
And one cried to another and said, “Set-apart, set-apart, set-apart is Yehovah of armies; all the earth is filled with his glory!”Isaiah 6:3
As such, set-apartness can come in varying measures, where one set-apart thing can be more set-apart than something else that is set-apart. Just as a house may have many articles of wood that are common, but then have 10 articles of silver that are set-apart, and only 1 article of gold that is more set-apart than than the silver and of greatest value among all the articles in the house. Which in the case of the tabernacle or temple of God, the surrounding camp or city it stood in is set-apart.
For Yehovah your God walks in the midst of your camp, to deliver you and give your enemies over to you. Therefore your camp shall be set-apart, so that He does not see unclean matter among you, and shall turn away from you.Deuteronomy 23:14
But leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations, and they shall trample the set-apart city under foot for forty-two months.Revelation 11:2
Then the devil took Him up into the set-apart city, set him on the edge of the templeMatthew 4:5
Yet the tabernacle or temple area was first the inner court, which was enclosed yet out in the open air. Which was more set-apart than the camp or city it was in, which is where the altar of ascending offering and washing basin was. Which could only be touched by men who were set-apart, because all the articles from the inner court and going inward were set-apart.
And with it you shall anoint the Tent of Appointment and the Ark of the Witness,” and the table and all its utensils, and the menorah and its utensils, and the altar of incense, and the altar of ascending offering with all its utensils, and the basin and its stand. “And you shall set them apart, and they shall be most set-apart. Whatever touches them is to be set-apart.Exodus 30:26-29
and said to the Levites who were teaching all Israel, who were set-apart to Yehovah, “Put the set-apart ark in the house which Shelomoh son of David, king of Israel, built. It is no longer to be a burden on your shoulders. Now serve Yehovah your God and His people Israel2 Chronicles 35:3
Note: These photos are mere models of the ancient tabernacle and temple used to give a visual idea of what the tabernacle and temple looked like, and not an exact representation of what they truly looked like before, and may contain inaccuracies, such as the exact placement of the altar and bronze lavar, which in the temple model may be incorrect, but in the tabernacle model it is correct, for the bronze lavar was to be placed between the altar and the entrance to the Tent of Meeting according to the Torah.
Which is one reason the Mashiach spoke against the Pharisees, because they were more concerned about money than the set-apart things of God. Which is why they considered oaths by the gold of the temple binding, yet did not consider the oaths by the temple binding, even though the temple had greater value than the gold. Because it was the temple that set apart the gold from any other ordinary gold anywhere on the earth, because the gold was in the place where the presence of God dwelled. And because the true God dwelled in this temple, the temple itself thus became set apart by God from other ordinary temples on the earth where God did not dwell. And so, God is greater than the temple and sets the temple apart, and the temple is greater than the gold in the temple and sets the gold in the temple apart.
There I will meet with the people of Israel, and it shall be set apart by my glory.Exodus 29:43
“Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘If anyone swears by the temple, it is nothing, but if anyone swears by the gold of the temple, he is bound by his oath.’ You blind fools! For which is greater, the gold or the temple that sets the gold apart? And you say, ‘If anyone swears by the altar, it is nothing, but if anyone swears by the gift that is on the altar, he is bound by his oath.’ You blind men! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that sets the gift apart? So whoever swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. And whoever swears by the temple swears by it and by him who dwells in it. And whoever swears by heaven swears by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it.Matthew 23:16-22
The Pharisees, who were lovers of money, heard all these things, and they ridiculed him.Luke 16:14
Then after the inner court is the tent or temple, which is more set-apart than the inner court, which is where the menorah, altar of incense, and table of the bread of the presence are, which is called “the set-apart place”. Which only the priests could enter into. Then after the set-apart place is “the most set-apart place”, which was behind a veil within the tabernacle or temple structure. Which is where the Ark of the Covenant was, and where the presence of God remained. And could only be entered into by one man, the High Priest, only once a year.
These preparations having thus been made, the priests go regularly into the first section, performing their ritual duties, but into the second only the high priest goes, and he but once a year, and not without taking blood, which he offers for himself and for the unintentional sins of the people.Hebrews 9:6-7
And in similar manner, certain men are more set-apart than others, such as the High Priest, who was more set-apart than the other set-apart priests. And had had greater authority, tasks, and also more glorious garments than the other priests.
And you shall make set-apart garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. You shall speak to all the skillful, whom I have filled with a airflow of skill, that they make Aaron’s garments to set him apart for my priesthood. These are the garments that they shall make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a checked tunic, a turban, and a sash.Exodus 28:2-4
For Aaron’s sons you shall make tunics and sashes and caps. You shall make them for glory and beauty.Exodus 28:40
And also some angels of God are more set-apart than other set-apart angels of God.
The prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me twenty-one days, but Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I was left there with the kings of Persia,Daniel 10:13
Yet the “most set-apart one” in all creation is the Mashiach, who is Yeshuah, because he is the firstborn of all creation, which is how he was set apart in the beginning, because he is the one that came into existence first before all living souls, such as angels, animals, and man. Which is why he was given the greatest authority in creation, like a firstborn son of a father, which is the son that receives his father’s inheritance among many sons. And the Mashiach is thus often called the “set-apart one of Israel” in the Tanakh.
He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation.Colossians 1:15
I will tell of the decree: Yehovah said to me, “You are my Son; today I have begotten you.Psalm 2:7
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have aeonial* life.John 3:16
“Yehovah possessed me at the beginning of His way, Before His works of old. I was formed long ages ago, at the very beginning, when the world came to be. When there were no watery depths, I was given birth, when there were no springs overflowing with water; before the mountains were settled in place, before the hills, I was given birth,Proverbs 8:22-25
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God… He was with God in the beginning.John 1:1-2
because by him were created – all in the heavens and upon the earth; the visible, and the invisible; whether thrones, or masterships, or rulers, or authorities – all by him and for him were created.Colossians 1:16
All through him emerged, and without him emerged not even one that has emerged.John 1:3
Yet to us one God the Father of whom all and we for him and one Master Messiah Yeshuah through whom all and we by him1 Corinthians 8:6
what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, ‘I am God’s Son’?John 10:36
Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your set-apart city, to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for lawlessness, to bring in aeonial righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint the most set-apart one. Now listen and understand, 7 weeks plus 62 weeks will pass from the time the command is given to rebuild Jerusalem until the ruler, the Messiah comes…Daniel 9:24-25
saying, “Ha! What have we to do with You, Yeshuah of Natsareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are: the Set-apart One of God!”Mark 1:24
Therefore, as a tongue of fire devours the stubble, and the flame consumes the chaff, their root is as rottenness, and their blossom goes up like dust – because they have rejected the Torah of Yehovah of armies, and despised the Word of the Set-apart One of Israel.Isaiah 5:24
And the meek ones shall increase their joy in Yehovah, and the poor among men rejoice in the Set-apart One of Israel.Isaiah 29:19
The fear of Yehovah is the beginning of wisdom, And the knowledge of the set-apart one is understanding.Proverbs 9:10
But you denied the set-apart and righteous one, and asked that a man, a murderer, be granted you.Acts 3:14
“For truly, in this city there were gathered together against Your set-apart Servant Yeshuah, whom You anointed, both Herodes and Pontius Pilate, with the nations and the people of IsraelActs 4:27
by stretching out Your hand for healing, and signs, and wonders to take place through the Name of Your set-apart Servant Yeshuah.”Acts 4:30
“And to the messenger of the assembly in Philadelphia write, ‘He who is set-apart, He who is true, He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens, says this:Revelation 3:7
and they cried with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Master, set-apart and true, until You judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?”Revelation 6:10
And Yeshuah came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.Matthew 28:18
As such, whatever is set-apart to God will have various qualities or commands to make something be set-apart, otherwise it wouldn’t be set-apart if there is nothing to set it apart from the ordinary. No different than if a man puts together several black pencils, none are set-apart until he puts one blue pencil among them. Now there exists a true set-apart pencil, a blue one, among many black ones.
Which is why even men who performed the Nazirite vow had a distinctive sign of their set-apartness, their heads, for they were were commanded to set apart their heads by not cutting their hair and letting it grow long.
and the priest shall prepare one as a sin offering and the other as an ascending offering, and shall make atonement for him, because he sinned by reason of the dead body. And he shall set apart his head on that dayNumbers 6:11
All the days of the vow of his separation a razor does not come upon his head. Until the days are completed for which he does separate himself to Yehovah, he is set-apart. He shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow long.Numbers 6:5
And the Shabbath was set apart by resting on it. The Yovel year was set apart by everyone returning back to their land. The Shabbath year was set apart by releasing debts. The 14th day of New Moon One was set apart by sacrificing a Passover lamb. And even the incense of the altar was set apart by mixing it with ingredients that could only be used in temple.
Six days work is done, and on the seventh is a Shabbath of rest, set-apart to Yehovah…Exodus 31:15
And you shall set the fiftieth year apart, and proclaim release throughout all the land to all its inhabitants, it is a “Yovel” for you. And each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you return to his clan.Leviticus 25:10
At the end of every seven years you shall grant a release.Deuteronomy 15:1
On the fourteenth day of the first new moon is the Passover of YehovahNumbers 28:16
Yehovah said to Moses, “Take sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum, sweet spices with pure frankincense, of each shall there be an equal part, and make an incense blended as by the perfumer, seasoned with salt, pure and set-apart. You shall beat some of it very small, and put part of it before the Testimony in the Tent of Appointment where I shall meet with you. It shall be most set-apart for you. And the incense that you shall make according to its composition, you shall not make for yourselves. It shall be for you set-apart to Yehovah.Exodus 30:34-37
And in this way, whatever was set apart from the ordinary by whatever God commanded had distinctive qualities that made it set-apart. And whatever was set-apart to God could not be mistreated nor held in low value, honor, regard, and importance, as if it were something ordinary and common. Which is what “profaning” means. And if a person profaned something that was set-apart in any way, not just by mistreating it, but also disobeying a command of God on how to set it apart, then that person deserved to die.
Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it and laid incense on it and offered unauthorized fire before Yehovah, which he had not commanded them. And fire came out from before Yehovah and consumed them, and they died before Yehovah.Leviticus 10:1-2
And when they came to the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah put out his hand to the ark of God and took hold of it, for the oxen stumbled. And the anger of Yehovah was kindled against Uzzah, and God struck him down there because of his error, and he died there beside the ark of God.2 Samuel 6:6-7
Work is done for six days, but on the seventh day it shall be set-apart to you, a Shabbat of rest to Yehovah. Anyone doing work on it is put to death.Exodus 35:2
Whoever blasphemes the name of Yehovah shall surely be put to death…Leviticus 24:16
But if anyone who is clean and is not on a journey fails to keep the Passover, that person shall be cut off from his people because he did not bring the offering of Yehovah at its appointed time; that man shall bear his sin.Numbers 9:13
And the incense that you shall make according to its composition, you shall not make for yourselves. It shall be for you set-apart to Yehovah. Whoever makes any like it to use as perfume shall be cut off from his people.Exodus 30:37-38
As such, when the Law of God, which is the Torah, commands us to be set-apart, it is telling us to set ourselves apart from all ordinary people on earth.
Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: ‘Be set-apart…Leviticus 19:2
And you shall be set-apart to Me…Leviticus 20:26
You shall be set-apart to me, for I Yehovah am set-apart and have separated you from the peoples, that you should be mine.Leviticus 20:26
For you are a set-apart people to Yehovah your God. Yehovah your God has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a treasured possession above all the peoples on the face of the earth.Deuteronomy 7:6
And you shall set yourselves apart, and shall be set-apart, for I am Yehovah your GodLeviticus 20:7
Which is done through all the commands of the Torah, by obeying them and doing them. For the Torah not only has commands related to not doing evil, such as not murdering and not stealing. And the Torah not only has commands related to doing good, such as loving your neighbor as yourself and giving to the poor. But the Torah also has other commands not related to good or evil specifically, but related to set-apartness from all other ordinary people on earth. Such as commands regarding the tallit, which is a four cornered garment that we must wear, and tzitzit, which are fringes on each of the four corner of the tallit that must also be worn. And tefillin, which are phylacteries that are bound on the hand and forehead which must also be worn when praying or prophesying at the least. And how beards and hair on the head must be grown, which cannot be shaved nor their edges be destroyed. And not wearing mixed fabrics.
and you shall guard my Torot and do them. I am Yehovah, who sets you apart.Leviticus 20:8
Yehovah does establish you as a set-apart people to himself, as he has sworn to you, if you guard the commands of Yehovah your God and walk in his ways.Deuteronomy 28:9
Then you will remember and obey all my commands, and you will be set-apart to your God.Numbers 15:40
“You shall not murder.Exodus 20:13
“You shall not steal.Exodus 20:15
…since through the Torah comes knowledge of sin.Romans 3:20
“Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against anyone among your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am Yehovah.Leviticus 19:18
If among you there is a poor man, one of your brothers, in any of your towns within your land that Yehovah your God is giving you, you shall not harden your heart or shut your hand against your poor brother, but you shall open your hand to him and lend him sufficient for his need, whatever it may be.Deuteronomy 15:7-8
Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘Throughout the generations to come you are to make fringes on the corners of your garments, with a blue cord on each tassel. You will have these fringes to look at and so you will remember all the commands of Yehovah, that you may obey them and not prostitute yourselves by chasing after the lusts of your own hearts and eyes. Then you will remember to obey all my commands and will be set-apart to your God.Numbers 15:38-40
You shall make yourself fringes on the four corners of the garment with which you cover yourself.Deuteronomy 22:12
You shall therefore lay up these words of mine in your heart and in your soul, and you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as a phylactery between your eyes.Deuteronomy 11:18
So it shall serve as a sign on your hand and as a phylactery on your forehead, for with a powerful hand Yehovah brought us out of Egypt.Exodus 13:16
Bind them to your hand as a sign and wear them on your forehead as a phylactery.Deuteronomy 6:8
You shall not shave the sides of your head nor destroy the edges of your beard.Leviticus 19:27
…nor shall you wear a garment of cloth interwoven with two fabrics.Leviticus 19:19
You shall not wear cloth of wool and linen interwoven together.Deuteronomy 22:11
Which are all commands that define the “righteousness” of God that then results in becoming set-apart to God, which is required to see God. Which is also why the word of God, which includes the Torah, is what set a man apart, when he begins to obey the commands of the Torah.
And if we are careful to obey all this law before Yehovah our God, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness.Deuteronomy 6:25
Pursue peace with all, and pursue set-apartness without which no one shall see the Master.Hebrews 12:14
I speak as a man, because of the weakness of your flesh. For even as you did present your members as servants of uncleanness, and of lawlessness resulting in lawlessness, so now present your members as servants of righteousness resulting in set-apartness.Romans 6:19
But now, having been set free from sin, and having become servants of God, you have your fruit resulting in set-apartness, and the end, aeonial life.Romans 6:22
Set them apart in Your truth – Your Word is truth.John 17:17
Husbands, love your wives, as Messiah also did love the assembly and gave Himself for it, in order to set it apart and cleanse it with the washing of water by the wordEphesians 5:25-26
And now, brothers, I commit you to God and to the word of His favor, which is able to build you up and give you an inheritance among all those having been set apart.Acts 20:32
And such were some of you. But you were washed, but you were set apart, but you were justified in the name of the Master Yeshuah and by the airflow of our God.1 Corinthians 6:11
if you know his will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the Torah; if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those who are in the dark, an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of little children, because you have in the Torah the embodiment of knowledge and truth—Romans 2:18-20
Your word is a lamp for my feet, a light on my path.Psalm 119:105
Give me understanding, so that I may keep your Torah and obey it with all my heart.Psalm 119:34
They read from the book, from the Torah of God, clearly, and they gave the sense, so that the people understood the reading.Nehemiah 8:8
the precepts of Yehovah are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of Yehovah is pure, enlightening the eyes; the fear of Yehovah is clean, enduring always; the rules of Yehovah are true, and righteous altogether.Psalm 19:8-9
The Torah of Yehovah is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of Yehovah is sure, making wise the simplePsalm 19:7
For the commandment is a lamp and the teaching a light, and the reproofs of discipline are the way of life,Proverbs 6:23
The unfolding of your words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple.Psalm 119:130
Teach me your way, O Yehovah, that I may walk in your truth; unite my heart to fear your name.Psalm 86:11
Lead me in your truth and teach me, for you are the God of my salvation; for you I wait all the day long.Psalm 25:5
Let me hear Your lovingkindness in the morning; For I trust in You; Teach me the way in which I should walk; For to You I lift up my soul.Psalm 143:8
I will instruct you and teach you in the way you should go; I will counsel you with my eye upon you.Psalm 32:8
Through your precepts I get understanding; therefore I hate every false way.Psalm 119:104
The wise of heart will receive commandments, but a babbling fool will come to ruin.Proverbs 10:8
For this is the desire of God, your set-apartness, that you should abstain from sexual immorality1 Thessalonians 4:3
Seeing all these are to be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be in set-apart behaviour and reverence2 Peter 3:11
Having, then, these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of the flesh and airflow, perfecting set-apartness in the fear of God.2 Corinthians 7:1
Which are all the commands the Messiah Yeshuah obeyed to set himself apart, even the least of the commands of the Torah.
And for them I set myself apart, so that they too might be set apart in truth.John 17:19
Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.Matthew 5:19
For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.Matthew 5:18
It is easier for heaven and earth to disappear than for the least stroke of a pen to drop out of the Law.Luke 16:17
As such, the English words “sanctification”, “sanctify”, “holy”, “holiness” must no longer be used, but instead, the following words should be used. “Set apart” without a dash to connote the verb, such as “I set this apple apart from the ordinary green apples by painting it red”. And “set-apart” with a dash to connote the adjective or adverb. Such as “this red apple is set-apart from the other ordinary green apples”. And “set-apartness” with a dash to connote the noun, such as “this apple is red in set-apartness from the other ordinary green apples”.